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Hystar to establish North American electrolyzer production

The Norway-based electrolyzer maker will begin hiring for North American headquarters, with plans to establish a multi-GW facility by 2027.

Norwegian electrolyzer maker Hystar is planning to expand into North America, establishing a headquarters next year and a multi-GW factory by 2027, according to a news release.

As part of its expansion, Hystar will soon initiate the hiring process for its new North American headquarters. Additionally, the company is in discussions with key stakeholders in both the United States and Canada to establish its first GW factory on the continent, where Hystar expects its commercial operations may exceed its European plans within the decade. The company has not ruled out the possibility of investing in further GW factories before 2030.

Hystar said in the same release it will deliver a fully automated 4 GW electrolyser factory in Høvik, Norway (just west of Oslo) by 2025, with construction commencing in early 2024.

The company earlier this year raised $26m in a Series B funding round co-led by AP Ventures and Mitsubishi Corporation. Additional investors in the round included Finindus, Nippon Steel Trading, Hillhouse Investment and Trustbridge Partners, alongside existing investors SINTEF Ventures and Firda.

Commenting on their expansion plans, Fredrik Mowill, CEO of Hystar, said: “Our Høvik GW factory demonstrates our commitment to rapidly expanding our European operations and meeting the strong demand for our technology across Europe. As we continue to scale up our operations, we are now looking at opportunities beyond Europe – the North American market has created a highly favourable environment for companies like ours to thrive in. We are looking forward to identifying the ideal North American location for Hystar.

Hystar has already commenced production of its electrolyzer stacks for its upcoming PEM electrolyzer deliveries using its existing facilities, which have a production capacity of 50 MW annually.  As such, Hystar’s ramp-up to a GW factory marks a significant expansion to meet the surging demand for its breakthrough technology. The supplier for the Høvik GW automated production line will be selected later this year, and the factory’s production line will be fully operational by 2026.

Upcoming deliveries from Hystar include a 1 MW electrolyzer in Q4 2023 for Norwegian companies Equinor, Yara Clean Ammonia, and Gassco, for the HyPilot field project in Kårstø, Norway. This will be followed by a 5 MW electrolyzer for Poland’s largest private energy company, Polenergia, in Q3 2024 for their H2HubNS project in Nowa Sarzyna, Poland.

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Tenaska unveils Alabama CCS hub

Construction on the project is slated to begin as soon as late 2025, pending permitting approvals.

Tenaska has unveiled the Longleaf CCS Hub, a carbon capture and storage (CCS) project planned for Mobile County. The facility will provide an innovative business solution to assist manufacturers, power plants, industrial processors and other industries in South Alabama in meeting emissions regulations and climate mandates.

Longleaf CCS Hub is participating in an award through the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy and Carbon Management (FECM), allowing for $17.9 million in funding to support geologic characterization and permitting efforts, according to a news release.

This DOE funding brings together a diverse project team, which includes Southern States Energy Board (award recipient), Tenaska, Advanced Resources International, Crescent Resource Innovation, ENTECH Strategies, the Geological Survey of Alabama, the University of South Alabama and Williams. Baker Hughes Oil Field Services and Environmental Resources Management will also participate as vendors, with Southern Company Services taking on the role of the Project Industry Network lead.

Tenaska’s initial development of the Longleaf CCS Hub started in 2022. The project’s Class VI application is under review by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and Tenaska has solicited interest from a number of emitter customers in the region. Pending all necessary permitting approvals, construction is slated to begin as soon as late 2025, with commercial injection expected a year later. Actual start of construction will be scheduled to synchronize the start of injection with the customers’ readiness to capture CO2.

The project aims to add to the stability and growth of the region, offering a viable path for existing businesses to comply with evolving environmental standards and attracting new ventures that will contribute to the region’s economic vitality and employment opportunities.

“Through the Longleaf CCS Hub, we’re not just addressing the growing demand for efficient CO2 management solutions; we’re fostering an ecosystem of economic resilience and sustainability,” said Joel Link, president of Tenaska’s Development Group. “This project reflects our commitment to innovative solutions while propelling Alabama to the forefront of economic growth.”

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Swiss firm reaches financial close on $1.5bn ammonia plant in Mexico

KfW IPEX was lead arranger of project financing, putting together a banking consortium of seven lenders and ECA coverage with Euler Hermes.

Proman, a global leader in natural gas derived products, has reached financial close on a $1.5bn investment for the financing of its 2,220 MT/day anhydrous ammonia plant in Topolobampo, Mexico, the company said earlier this month.

KfW IPEX was lead arranger of project financing, putting together a banking consortium of seven lenders and ECA coverage with Euler Hermes.

A 2020 announcement from KfW noted a total investment volume of $1.25bn, with the bank consortium contributing a total of $860m in debt capital. A considerable portion of the financing was secured by an export credit guarantee from the German government (Hermes cover).

Speaking on the announcement, David Cassidy, Chief Executive of Proman, said of the company’s presence in Mexico, “We are already a significant producer of ammonia, and this new plant will increase our annual production capacity to 2.8 million tonnes at a time when fertilizers have a critical role to play in the agricultural sector in Mexico and for global food security. We have built strong relationships with local stakeholders and communities and look forward to a long-term future in Mexico.”

Construction of the petrochemical complex will begin immediately.

Local news reports note that the project, which was initiated in 2018, faced several delays due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the revocation of its environmental authorization due to a failure by the federal Environment Ministry to consult with local indigenous communities.

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Shell, Ohmium to develop green hydrogen energy projects

Shell India and Ohmium International to cooperate on green hydrogen applications, markets and project opportunities globally.

Shell India and Ohmium International have agreed to cooperate on green hydrogen applications, markets and project opportunities in India and globally, the two companies announced.

As part of the collaboration, both companies plan to launch joint working groups to assess opportunities from the technical, commercial, and safety perspectives.

The collaboration is positioned at further elevating Shell’s ambition to help build a global hydrogen economy by developing the most competitive opportunities in the production, storage, transport, and delivery of hydrogen to end customers.

“We have set an ambitious goal of becoming a net-zero emissions business by 2050 with a target to reduce absolute emissions by 50% by 2030,” said Nitin Prasad, chairman, Shell Group of companies in India. “Green hydrogen has a critical role in helping the world reach zero emissions. We plan to develop integrated hydrogen hubs to serve the industry and heavy-duty transport to be a leading player in this space.”

“We’re thrilled to collaborate with Shell to explore green hydrogen opportunities and solutions worldwide. Shell has demonstrated tremendous ambition to become a net zero carbon business by 2050– we believe that green hydrogen is a critical component of that transition,” said Arne Ballantine, CEO of Ohmium International. “We look forward to working with Shell to explore all the opportunities our electrolyzers enable.”

Ohmium International is a green hydrogen company that designs, manufactures, and deploys PEM Electrolyzers. Ohmium’s unique interlocking modular PEM electrolyzers provide a safer, modular, flexible, easy to install and maintain alternative to customized electrolyzers. Ohmium is headquartered in the United States, with manufacturing in India and operations worldwide.

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US clean fuels producer prepping equity and debt raises

A Texas-based clean fuels producer is close to mandating an advisor for a platform equity raise. It has already tapped Goldman Sachs to help arrange a cap stack in the billions for a project in Oregon.

NXTClean Fuels, a Houston-based developer of clean fuels projects, is preparing a $50m to $100m platform equity raise in the near term and has large debt and equity needs for a pair of projects in Oregon, CEO Chris Efird said in an interview.

The company is close to engaging a new financial advisor for the raise, which will launch late this year or early next, Efird said.

Port Westward

Meanwhile, Goldman Sachs’ post-carbon group is retained for the capital stack on NXTClean’s flagship project at Port Westward, at the Port of Columbia County, Efird said. The $3bn CapEx (including EPC) project is fully permitted by the State of Oregon and is awaiting one federal Clean Water Act permit. An Environmental Impact Statement is expected this fall.

The project is dedicated to producing a split of renewable diesel and SAF, amounting to roughly 50,000 barrels per day total permitted capacity when fully operational.

FID is expected for roughly August 2024, he said. About 30 months from FID the plant will reach COD.

“What we’re most focused on right now is the true senior debt,” Efird said. On the equity side the company is engaged with strategic partners that have indicated interest in post-FID equity.

NXTClean has conversations ongoing with the Department of Energy’s Loan Programs Office, along with commercial project finance lenders.

Red Rock

In April NXTClean acquired what was the Red Rock Biofuel facility in Lakeview, Oregon. That woody biomass-to-SAF facility foreclosed after $425m in investment, following technical and financial issues brought on by the COVID 19 pandemic. NXTClean purchased the facility for $75m in preferred stock at auction on the courthouse steps.

GLC advisors was retained by lead bondholder Foundation Credit to advise on that process, Efird said.

Red Rock is being repurposed to produce carbon-negative RNG for the adjacent Tallgrass Ruby Pipeline, Efird said. The fully-permitted project has a significant amount of equipment already installed or on skids.

A first phase will require a spend of $100m to $150m. Some $50m of equity will augment a balance of debt, raised in part through USDA programming, Efird said. Cash flow from the first phase will help with the second phase, which will bring the capital needs of the facility up to as much as $400m.

Looking forward

Geographically, NXTClean will expand in the Pacific Northwest and British Columbia, Efird said.

Each of NXTClean’s two projects are held by a separate subsidiary. The company has a third subsidiary called GoLo Biomass that focuses on feedstock aggregation, Efird said. It engages with fish processors in Vietnam and used cooking oil suppliers in South Korea to augment supply from large companies.

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Exclusive: Ammonia plant sale paused until commercial operations

The sale process for a Texas ammonia plant has been paused until the facility reaches commercial operations.

Gulf Coast Ammonia, the developer of a world-scale ammonia plant in Texas City, Texas, has paused a sale process until the plant reaches commercial operations, according to two sources familiar with the matter.

The process to sell the plant, which will produce 1.3 million tons of ammonia per year, was underway earlier this year, led by Jefferies as sellside advisor. The plant was expected to reach COD in 2023, according to documentation.

The project was initiated by Agrifos Partners LLC and advanced to FID in collaboration with joint venture development partners Mabanaft and Macquarie Capital. Following the FID taken in late 2019, GCA is wholly owned by a joint venture of Mabanaft and Lotus Infrastructure (formerly known as Starwood Energy).

GCA is investing $600m towards the construction, operation, and ownership of the ammonia plant, which is situated on land owned by Eastman Chemical Company within Texas City’s industrial park. It includes a portion of Eastman’s port access. 

In tandem with the ammonia plant construction, Air Products is building a $500m steam methane reformer to provide hydrogen to the plant via pipeline. Air Products noted in a recent investor presentation that the SMR project recently came onstream.

Officials at Lotus, Mabanaft, and Jefferies did not reply to inquiries seeking comment.

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Exclusive: Pan-Atlantic developer planning e-methanol project in West Texas

A clean fuels developer with projects on both sides of the Atlantic is pursuing an e-methanol project in West Texas with an estimated cost of between $800m – $900m.

Green fuels developer ETFuels is planning an e-methanol project in West Texas.

Following the blueprint of projects in development in Finland and Spain, ETFuels has leased land and the Lone Star State is in the early stages of determining the feasibility of the project, which would require between 300 MW – 500 MW of renewables, Director Patrick Woodson said.

Depending on the ultimate size of the project, it would cost between $800m – $900m and produce 80,000 to 120,000 tons per year of e-methanol on site, he said, which would then be trucked to end markets.

“We like the modularity of projects of that size,” he said, noting “more optionality to bring projects to market.”

Woodson, the former CEO and Chairman of E.ON Climate & Renewables, a renewables developer, said ETFuels would develop the renewables portion of the project internally.

The company is still exploring likely target markets for the e-fuels, but Woodson noted that they perceive robust demand for green methanol from the shipping industry.

“We understand the decarbonization challenges faced by the shipping industry are significant, with question marks over pricing and supply availability at scale, and we are addressing these head-on,” ETFuels CEO Lara Naqushbandi said in a news release last year.

ETFuels attracted financial backing last year from France-based SWEN Capital Partners, with Green Giraffe providing financial advisory services.

For its Spain project, the company is developing a 100,000 ton green methanol plant, including 420 MW of solar PV and 120 MW of onshore wind capacity powering 220 MW of electrolyzers.

It expects to take a final investment decision on the Spain project by 2025, with production anticipated for 2028, according to the company website.

ETFuels as a third project in development in Finland, powered by “relentless” Arctic winds.

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