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Green hydrogen developer seeking platform capital

A UK-based green hydrogen developer is looking for investment partners to take a stake in its green hydrogen/ammonia platform consisting of several globally based projects.

Hive Energy is looking to raise development capital by means of a primary equity raise to support the on-going development costs for Hive’s global green hydrogen and green ammonia portfolio and supporting the advancement of its three core projects to FID.

A subsidiary of Hive Energy, Hive Hydrogen is a green hydrogen and green hydrogen-based derivatives development platform. Hive Hydrogen has a diversified global portfolio of projects supported by ~16GW of dedicated solar and wind pipelines across Europe, Africa, and LATAM to supply cost-competitive green hydrogen and ammonia to local and international markets, the company said on its website.

Its most advanced projects are in South Africa and Spain, targeting the 1st COD between 2027/2028, with another project in Chile targeting COD in 2030. Over 340,000 ha of land have been secured across these three projects for the installation of ~16GW of renewable generation assets and ~8GW hydrogen/ammonia production assets.

Hive Hydrogen’s business model provides investors with attractive development returns across a pipeline of advanced and earlier-stage projects.

Hive is seeking one or more partners to provide an investment into our green hydrogen/ammonia portfolio, taking a stake in the platform of up to 50%.

Hive Energy brings a ‘Developer DNA’ to the projects, having developed more than 2.7GW of solar PV/BESS with a further 8.5GW of green energy projects in the pipeline.

More information about Hive’s projects can be found on its website.

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Gulf Coast ammonia plant transacts

CF Industries purchased the Waggaman ammonia plant in Louisiana from Incitec Pivot for $1.675bn.

CF Industries Holdings, Inc., a global manufacturer of hydrogen and nitrogen products, has signed a definitive purchase agreement with Incitec Pivot Limited for IPL’s ammonia production complex located in Waggaman, Louisiana, according to a news release.

The facility has a nameplate capacity of 880,000 tons of ammonia annually.

Under the terms of the agreement, CF Industries will purchase the Waggaman ammonia plant and related assets for $1.675bn. The companies will allocate approximately $425m of the purchase price to a long-term ammonia offtake agreement under which CF Industries will supply up to 200,000 tons of ammonia per year to IPL’s Dyno Nobel subsidiary. CF Industries expects to fund the remaining $1.25bn of the purchase price with cash on hand.

“We are pleased to reach this agreement with Incitec Pivot Limited that benefits from our industry-leading ammonia production capabilities, deploys our capital efficiently and provides long-term value for both companies’ shareholders,” said Tony Will, president and chief executive officer, CF Industries Holdings, Inc. “We believe the Waggaman facility will fit seamlessly into our network, as well as our strategic focus on ammonia as a clean energy source, given its proximity and pipeline connection to our Donaldsonville, Louisiana, Complex, its distribution and logistics flexibility, and its favorable characteristics for the addition of carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) technologies to enable low-carbon ammonia production.”

Ammonia produced at the Waggaman facility today is distributed ratably to three customers, including Dyno Nobel, with approximately 75% used in industrial applications. Based on the nature of the medium- to long-term offtake agreements in place with these customers, CF Industries estimates that the plant will generate gross margin per ton commensurate with its existing ammonia segment prior to synergies, which the company expects to capture through greater capacity utilization and operational and logistics optimization. Over the last five years, CF Industries’ operational capabilities have resulted in ammonia asset utilization that is approximately 10% higher than the average utilization rate of the company’s North American peers.

Additionally, CF Industries anticipates implementing CCS at the site on an accelerated timeline, increasing its network’s low-carbon ammonia production capability, supporting Louisiana’s and the country’s climate goals, and earning 45Q tax credits for sequestered carbon dioxide.

The transaction has been unanimously approved by the boards of directors of both companies and is subject to receipt of certain regulatory approvals and other customary closing conditions.

Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC is serving as the financial advisor to CF Industries on the transaction. Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP is acting as its legal advisor. Latham & Watkins served as legal advisor to the seller while JP Morgan was financial advisor.

About the Waggaman Ammonia Production Complex

The Waggaman, Louisiana, ammonia production complex is situated on an integrated chemicals complex owned by Cornerstone Chemical Company.

  • Commissioned October 2016
  • Nameplate capacity: 880,000 tons of ammonia per year
  • Approximately 90 employees
  • 38,500-ton ammonia storage tank onsite
  • Ability to load and transport ammonia by NuStar Pipeline, barge, truck and rail
  • Located in Jefferson Parish on the Mississippi River with potential for vessel loading capabilities for low-carbon ammonia exports
  • Site is 60 miles southeast of CF Industries’ Donaldsonville Complex, facilitating resource and best practice sharing between the complexes

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Regulatory: Construction permit issued for largest planned ammonia plant

A permit to construct a clean ammonia facility much larger than any in the world has been issued by West Virginia regulators.

The State of West Virginia has issued a permit to construct the world’s largest planned ammonia facility.

The Adams Fork Energy project in Mingo County, jointly developed by TransGas and the Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe, is slated to reach COD in 2027. When fully built out, the six ammonia production plants would pump out 6,000 mtpd for domestic and international use.

ReSource previously reported on the issuance of the draft permit to construct, released by the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection.

Offtakers in agriculture, shipping, and energy generation are all being explored for the project, according to a source familiar with the situation. Onsite electricity production for off-grid data centers is another possibility stakeholders are taking seriously.

Hydrogen produced by Adams Fork could produce up to 5,000 MW of electricity, the source said. Six Sigma could power co-located data centers without requiring a grid interconnection.

Coal mine waste methane is planned as a fuel source for the plant, which has access to the largest fresh water mine pool in the eastern US adjacent to the site.

The site is near Gilbert Creek, West Virginia, on a reclaimed coal mine.

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CVR Partners closes 45Q transaction for carbon capture at Kansas fertilizer facility

CVR Partners and CCS firm CapturePoint have closed a tax equity transaction with outside investors, opening up millions in quarterly payments through 2030.

CVR Partners, LP, a manufacturer of ammonia and urea ammonium nitrate solution fertilizer products, and CapturePoint, a Texas company focused on capturing carbon oxides from industrial processes, have closed a tax equity transaction pertaining to carbon capture and sequestration at CVR subsidiary Coffeyville Resources Nitrogen Fertilizers (CRNF).

The parties have entered into a series of agreements with certain unaffiliated third-party investors and certain of their respective affiliates intended to qualify under the Internal Revenue Service safe harbor described in Revenue Procedure 2020-12 for certain joint ventures that are eligible to claim Section 45Q Credits, accordign to a news release.

In connection with the 45Q transaction, CRNF and CapturePoint each received an initial payment, net of expenses, of approximately $18m and are expected to also receive installment payments, payable quarterly, until March 31, 2030, totaling up to approximately $22m each for the seven-year period and potentially certain contingent payments over this same period if certain carbon oxide capture and sequestration milestones are met, totaling up to approximately $38m each, subject to certain customary and other specified terms.

“As a leader in the production of low carbon nitrogen fertilizer, CVR Partners is proud to participate in the generation of carbon capture and sequestration credits as a result of our voluntary nitrous oxide abatement and carbon sequestration projects in Coffeyville, Kansas,” said Mark Pytosh, chief executive officer of CVR Partners’ general partner. “This facility is uniquely qualified to produce hydrogen and ammonia that is certified ‘blue’ to a market that is increasingly demanding reduced carbon footprints. These efforts support our core Values of Environment and Continuous Improvement, and our goal of continuing to produce nitrogen fertilizers that feed the world’s growing population in an environmentally responsible way.”

“CapturePoint is pleased to partner with CRNF and third-party investors to realize the benefits of carbon capture and sequestration credits for services that CapturePoint has long provided as a leader in the carbon capture and sequestration field,” said Tracy Evans, chief executive officer of CapturePoint. “CapturePoint looks forward to even more exciting announcements in the near future as it continues to expand its carbon capture and sequestration services.”

In the event that certain carbon oxide capture or sequestration requirements are not met, CRNF and CapturePoint may be required to pay certain specified damages payments to the Investors, up to the amount of payments received by CRNF and CapturePoint in connection with the 45Q Transaction, less the amount ofSection 45Q Credits received by the Investors.

CapturePoint will serve as manager of the Tax Equity JV, according to a securities filing.

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Pennsylvania blue hydrogen DevCo planning project equity raise

A natural gas company has tapped an advisor and is planning to launch a process to raise project equity in the fall for a blue hydrogen production facility with contracted offtake in Pennsylvania.

KeyState Energy, a Pennsylvania-based development company, has engaged a financial advisor to launch a $60m equity process in September, according to two sources familiar with the matter.

Young America Capital is advising on the forthcoming process, the sources said.

The capital raise is for the company’s marquee Natural Gas Synthesis blue hydrogen project in Clinton County, one of the sources said. CapEx for the project is estimated at $1.5bn. OCGI is a pre-FEED investor in the project and the coming equity raise is meant to attract a FEED investor.

The 200 mtpd project has contracted offtake with Nikola Corporation, one of the sources said. In October it was reported that Nikola and KeyState were working towards a definitive agreement to expand the hydrogen supply for Nikola’s zero-emissions heavy-duty fuel cell electric vehicles.

The 7,000-acre natural gas and geologic storage site was formerly known for coal, iron and rail, according to the company’s website.

KeyState Energy did not respond to a request for comment. YAC declined to comment.

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Exclusive: World Energy GH2 targeting early 2025 FID

World Energy GH2 is aiming to reach FID early next year – and advancing project financing discussions with a pair of advisors – on the $5bn phase 1 green ammonia development in Newfoundland and Labrador known as Project Nujio’qonik. We spoke to Managing Director and CEO Sean Leet in detail about the project.

World Energy GH2, the developer of a green ammonia export project in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, is aiming to reach FID in early 2025 on phase 1 of Project Nujio’qonik, Managing Director and CEO Sean Leet said in an interview.

Phase 1 of the project entails the construction of a 1 GW wind facility and 600 MW of electrolysis for an estimated cost of $5bn, Leet said. Once complete, the first phase of Project Nujio’qonik is expected to produce approximately 400,000 tonnes of green ammonia for export.

The developer is working with Green Giraffe and RBC Capital Markets to advance a project financing deal, the same advisors that assisted World Energy GH2 on a $95m loan from Export Development Canada, announced last week.

The debt-to-equity split for the $5bn capital raise is still being iterated as the company looks at financing options with the available government subsidies and potential support from export agencies, Leet said. The company has not yet lined up an arranger for debt financing and expects to make a decision on that role at a later date, he added.

A schedule update is in progress as part of the project’s FEED readiness assessment. This update, considering factors such as long lead item availability and offtaker delivery requirements, is a required step before the start of FEED and is expected to be released around April 15. 

The FEED readiness assessment, Leet said, “is a process that we’ve undertaken with some value engineering due to some learnings from the pre-FEED deliverables and some other aspects of just making sure we’re well prepared for FEED so we can execute flawlessly on that.”

Leet expects the FEED process will take between nine and 12 months, setting the developer up for an FID in early 2025. As part of a competitive bidding process, World Energy GH2 was awarded four different Crown land sites, each capable of producing 1 GW of wind power, allowing for additional phases up to 4 GW of renewables.

Newfoundland, the distant Canadian island where Project Nujio’qonik is located, has become a hotbed of green ammonia project activity due to its exceptional wind resource, with as many eight major projects springing up (see, and zoom, on map).

Investment outlook

The Canadian government has promulgated a clean hydrogen investment tax credit of up to 40% on certain expenses, available until 2035. And in its most recent budget, the government floated the idea of providing contracts for difference to help de-risk emission-reducing projects. 

Leet believes that the CfD arrangement, which will be administered by the Canada Growth Fund, will be tied to the Canada-Germany Hydrogen Alliance, an agreement that promotes clean hydrogen trade ties between the two nations. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and German Chancellor Olaf Scholz signed the accord at World Energy GH2’s site in Stephenville, with the aim of shipping hydrogen or ammonia by 2025 – a timeline that looks increasingly stretched. And World Energy GH2 earlier this year became the first North American member of Germany’s Port of Wilhelmshaven's energy hub.

“Those details haven’t been announced yet but we’re hopeful that the CfD mechanism is there to work alongside the ITC,” Leet said.

Additional financing could come from more export credit agencies “in the countries you would expect” that would support local companies providing equipment to Project Nujio’qonik. “That will be a very likely piece of our financing arrangement.”

World Energy GH2 is in discussions with various offtakers, but will be able to engage in greater detail once the ITC and CfD subsidies are clarified, and once the project receives its environmental permit, Leets said. 

World Energy GH2 was set up as a standalone Canadian company with the sole purpose of executing on Project Nujio’qonik. It is owned by its founders along with SK ecoplant, the environment and energy arm of Korea’s SK Group, which took a 20% stake in the company – and also the project – for $50m.

Gene Gebolys, the founder and CEO of World Energy LLC, a provider of low-carbon fuels, is also a founder of Project Nujio’qonik. And John Risley, another partner of the Canadian project, is a co-owner of World Energy LLC.

Support from existing investors along with the Export Development Canada facility announced last week make the project entity well capitalized to move “expeditiously” through FEED to FID, Leet said.

Canada to Europe

World Energy GH2 is talking to the major ammonia players about a scale-up of import capacity on European shores.

Leet noted specifically that the Antwerp-Bruges port has plans to scale up to handle the increased amounts of ammonia imports, for use in the various industries located in Belgium and potentially on to Germany from there.

Three companies – Fluxys, Advario Stolthaven Antwerp, and Advario Gas Terminal – have said they are considering constructing an open-access ammonia import terminal at the port of Antwerp-Bruges. Air Liquide also said it will build an ammonia cracking facility there.

The Port of Wilhelmshaven, Germany, where World Energy GH2 is a member of the energy hub, has similar plans to scale up, with various companies evaluating ammonia import terminals and cracking facilities.

Meanwhile, Leet said the ammonia product that it ships to Europe, in addition to benefiting from Canadian subsidies and tax credits, will also comply with the EU’s RFNBO standards.

The project has existing grid and water connections already at the Port of Stephenville, since the hydrogen plant will be built on top of a former paper mill which consumed both water and electricity. 

“So we're fortunate to have that grid connection available to us and the power in the Newfoundland grid is well over 90% existing hydro,” Leet said. “So between that and our wind power, we will have no issue meeting the standard set by the EU for green hydrogen and it will be 100% RFNBO compliant.”

The company is working on regulatory certification with multiple bodies but has not finalized a provider.

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Methanol-to-hydrogen firm planning capital raise

An early-stage provider of distributed methanol-to-hydrogen solutions is planning a capital raise as it scales up.

Kaizen Clean Energy, a Houston-based methanol-to-hydrogen fuel company, is planning to raise additional capital in support of upcoming projects.

The company, which uses methanol and water to produce hydrogen with modular units, recently completed a funding round led by Balcor Companies, in which Balcor took a minority interest in Kaizen.

Additional funding in the capital raise was provided by friends and family, Kaizen co-founder and chief commercial officer Eric Smith said in an interview.

But with its sights on larger project opportunities this year, the company is already targeting an additional capital raise to support continued growth, Smith said. He declined to comment further on the capital raise and potential advisors, but noted that the company’s CFO, Craig Klaasmeyer, is a former Credit Suisse banker.

Kaizen’s methanol model utilizes a generator license from Element 1 and adds in systems to produce power or hydrogen, targeting the diesel generator market, EV charging and microgrids as well as hydrogen fueling and industrial uses.

Compared to trucking in hydrogen, the model using methanol, an abundant chemical, cuts costs by around 50%, Smith said, noting that Kaizen’s containers are at cost parity with diesel.

In addition, the Kaizen container is cleaner than alternatives, producing no nitric or sulfur oxide, according to Smith. Its carbon intensity score is 45, compared to 90 for the California electric grid and 100 for diesel generators.

Smith also touts a streamlined permitting process for Kaizen’s containerized product. The company recently received a letter of exemption for the container from a California air district due to low or no emissions. The product similarly does not require a California state permit and similarly, when off grid, no city permits are required, he added.

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